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Reading: Smoking behavior and demographic risk factors in Argentina: A population-based survey

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Smoking behavior and demographic risk factors in Argentina: A population-based survey

Authors:

Eugenio Martinez ,

Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of California San Francisco, 400 Parnassus Avenue, Room A-405, Box 0320 San Francisco, CA 94143-0856; Medical Effectiveness Research Center for Diverse Populations, University of California San Francisco, US
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Celia Patricia Kaplan,

Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of California San Francisco, 400 Parnassus Avenue, Room A-405, Box 0320 San Francisco, CA 94143-0856; Medical Effectiveness Research Center for Diverse Populations, University of California San Francisco, US; Programa de Medicina Interna General, Hospital de Clinicas, Universidad de Buenos Aires, AR
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Valeria Guil,

Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of California San Francisco, 400 Parnassus Avenue, Room A-405, Box 0320 San Francisco, CA 94143-0856; Medical Effectiveness Research Center for Diverse Populations, University of California San Francisco, US
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Steven E. Gregorich,

Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of California San Francisco, 400 Parnassus Avenue, Room A-405, Box 0320 San Francisco, CA 94143-0856; Medical Effectiveness Research Center for Diverse Populations, University of California San Francisco, US
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Raul Mejia,

Programa de Medicina Interna General, Hospital de Clinicas, Universidad de Buenos Aires, AR
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Eliseo J. Pérez-Stable

Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of California San Francisco, 400 Parnassus Avenue, Room A-405, Box 0320 San Francisco, CA 94143-0856; Medical Effectiveness Research Center for Diverse Populations, University of California San Francisco; University of California San Francisco, Comprehensive Cancer Center, US
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Abstract

Background: Demographic and socioeconomic factors associated with smoking behavior were evaluated in a nationwide household survey in Argentina to describe the status of the tobacco epidemic.

Methods: Face-to-face interviews with adults, age 20 and older, assessed smoking status, frequency, and age of initiation. Multivariate logistic regression was used to compare social and demographic characteristics.

Results: Of the 43,863 participants, 38% of men and 24% of women were current smokers, and 20% of current smokers smoked occasionally. For older men and women, smoking was less prevalent and their probability of quitting higher. Men with more than high school education were less likely to be current smokers. Rates for women did not differ by education.

Conclusions: The lower smoking rates among men with more education suggest that Argentina has begun to transition to the next stage of the tobacco epidemic. Tobacco control policy must direct efforts to change smoking behavior.

How to Cite: Martinez E, Kaplan CP, Guil V, Gregorich SE, Mejia R, Pérez-Stable EJ. Smoking behavior and demographic risk factors in Argentina: A population-based survey. Global Heart. 2006;2(4):187–97. DOI: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.precon.2007.07.002
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Published on 01 Dec 2006.

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