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Smoking behavior and perception of risk among medical students in Ibadan, Nigeria

Authors:

Babalola Faseru ,

Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, University of Kansas Medical Center, Mail Stop 1008, 3901 Rainbow Boulevard, Kansas city, KS 66160, US
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Noël C. Barengo,

School of Public Health and Clinical Nutrition, University of Kuopio, FI
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H. Patrick Sandström,

Department of Epidemiology and Health Promotion, National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, FI
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Folashade Omokhodion

Department of Community Medicine, University College Hospital and College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, NG
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Abstract

Background: Tobacco consumption is one of the most important risk factors for premature death throughout the world. Medical professionals and trainees play a major role in tobacco control; however there is a paucity of information about smoking in this important group in Nigeria. The objective of this study therefore, was to assess the prevalence of smoking among medical students, their perception of risks associated with smoking and their attitudes towards tobacco control policies in Nigeria.

Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 2nd–6th year medical students of the University of Ibadan using a self-administered questionnaire originally developed by WHO but modified to suit the local setting. The students’ attitudes to tobacco policy were also assessed by using 17 items adapted from the 35-item smoking policy inventory (SPI).

Results: The overall smoking prevalence was 3%. More men smoked than women (p = 0.003). Nonsmokers perceived the risks associated with smoking as higher than did smokers. Furthermore, students in years 4, 5 and 6 (clinical years) perceived the risks associated with smoking as higher than did the students in preclinical years 2 and 3 (p = 0.012). The majority of students strongly support tobacco control measures.

Conclusions: Smoking generally is not common among medical students in Ibadan. Although the clinical students perceived the risks associated with smoking as higher than did the preclinical students, the proportion of smokers among clinical students was higher but the difference was not statistically significant (p = 0.093).

How to Cite: Faseru B, Barengo NC, Sandström HP, Omokhodion F. Smoking behavior and perception of risk among medical students in Ibadan, Nigeria. Global Heart. 2006;2(2):103–9. DOI: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.precon.2006.10.001
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Published on 01 Jun 2006.

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