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Are evidence-based cardiovascular prevention therapies being used? A review of aspirin and statin therapies

Authors:

Jun Ma,

Department of Medicine, Program on Prevention Outcomes and Practices, Stanford Prevention Research Center, Stanford University, 211 Quarry Road N161, Stanford, CA 94305, US
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Veronica Monti,

Department of Medicine, Program on Prevention Outcomes and Practices, Stanford Prevention Research Center, Stanford University, 211 Quarry Road N161, Stanford, CA 94305, US
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Randall S. Stafford

Department of Medicine, Program on Prevention Outcomes and Practices, Stanford Prevention Research Center, Stanford University, 211 Quarry Road N161, Stanford, CA 94305, US
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Abstract

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the United States and other developed countries. While therapeutic lifestyle changes are integral to general risk reduction, drug therapy proves necessary for patients whose cardiovascular risk is above critical thresholds. Among proven medical treatments, antiplatelet therapy (mainly aspirin) and cholesterol-lowering therapy (mainly statins) are unequivocally recommended for the reduction of cardiovascular risk. Therapeutic indications for both therapies share great similarities, while critical differences are identifiable. Despite the compelling evidence, the gap between recommended practice and actualized practice is large. Between the two therapies, aspirin tends to be more underused than statins despite its more favorable cost-effectiveness. Admittedly, barriers to optimal translation and implementation of science to practice are considerable, but they are not insurmountable and effective interventions are available to overcome a variety of commonly cited barriers. This article reviews current practice guidelines regarding antiplatelet therapy and cholesterol-lowering treatment for cardiovascular prevention, available data of treatment gaps, documented barriers to guideline adherence, and promising interventions for practice improvement.
How to Cite: Ma J, Monti V, Stafford RS. Are evidence-based cardiovascular prevention therapies being used? A review of aspirin and statin therapies. Global Heart. 2005;1(4):285–95. DOI: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.precon.2006.05.002
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Published on 01 Dec 2005.
Peer Reviewed

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