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Perspectives from NHLBI

Noncommunicable Diseases in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: A Strategic Approach to Develop a Global Implementation Research Workforce

Authors:

Michael M. Engelgau ,

Center for Translation Research and Implementation Science, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, US
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Joshua P. Rosenthal,

Fogarty International Center, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, US
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Bradley J. Newsome,

Center for Translation Research and Implementation Science, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, US
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LeShawndra Price,

Center for Translation Research and Implementation Science, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, US
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Deshiree Belis,

Center for Translation Research and Implementation Science, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, US
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George A. Mensah

Center for Translation Research and Implementation Science, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, US
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Abstract

Globally, most of the burden from noncommunicable disease is now evident in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). At the same time, many effective noncommunicable disease interventions are now available and recommended for implementation and scale-up across LMIC health systems—yet are not being widely implemented. Understanding optimal and sustainable implementation strategies for these interventions within the LMIC context will need locally led and conducted implementation research— a research capacity which currently is lacking. The National Institutes of Health institutes, centers, and offices work with the Fogarty International Center to support biomedical research and research training across the globe. The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institutes' Center for Translation Research and Implementation Science has a strategic focus on implementation research in global health. The Center for Translation Research and Implementation Science is considering strategies for developing research capacity and skill sets to conduct this priority research along with National Institutes of Health institutes and centers and other key global institutions that highly value implementation research. Short-term and medium-term strategies will be needed along with building on current efforts and investments and considering new efforts to address gaps. Developing and sustaining this research workforce will present many challenges and require much effort, but the returns could be transformative in advancing the prevention, treatment, and control of noncommunicable diseases within LMICs.

How to Cite: Engelgau MM, Rosenthal JP, Newsome BJ, Price L, Belis D, Mensah GA. Noncommunicable Diseases in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: A Strategic Approach to Develop a Global Implementation Research Workforce. Global Heart. 2018;13(2):131–7. DOI: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.gheart.2018.05.001
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Published on 01 Jun 2018.
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