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Reading: Structure-Based Analysis of Single Nucleotide Variants in the Renin-Angiotensinogen Complex

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Original Research

Structure-Based Analysis of Single Nucleotide Variants in the Renin-Angiotensinogen Complex

Authors:

David K. Brown,

Research Unit in Bioinformatics (RUBi), Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology, Rhodes University, Grahamstown, ZA
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Olivier Sheik Amamuddy,

Research Unit in Bioinformatics (RUBi), Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology, Rhodes University, Grahamstown, ZA
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Özlem Tastan Bishop

Research Unit in Bioinformatics (RUBi), Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology, Rhodes University, Grahamstown, ZA
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Abstract

Background: The renin-angiotensin system (RAS) plays an important role in regulating blood pressure and controlling sodium levels in the blood. Hyperactivity of this system has been linked to numerous conditions including hypertension, kidney disease, and congestive heart failure. Three classes of drugs have been developed to inhibit RAS. In this study, we provide a structure-based analysis of the effect of single nucleotide variants (SNVs) on the interaction between renin and angiotensinogen with the aim of revealing important residues and potentially damaging variants for further inhibitor design purposes.

Objectives: To identify SNVs that have functional and potentially damaging effects on the renin-angiotensinogen complex and to use computational approaches to investigate how SNVs might have damaging effects.

Methods: A comprehensive set of all known SNVs in the renin and angiotensinogen proteins was extracted from the HUMA database. This dataset was filtered by removing synonymous and missense variants and using the VAPOR pipeline to predict which variants were likely to be deleterious. Variants in the filtered dataset were modeled into the renin-angiotensinogen complex using MODELLER and subjected to molecular dynamics simulations using GROMACS. The residue interaction networks of the resultant trajectories were analyzed using graph theory.

Conclusions: This research identified important SNVs in the interface of RAS and showed how they might affect the function of the proteins. For instance, the mutant complex containing the variant P40L in angiotensinogen caused instability in the complex, indicating that this mutation plays an important role in disrupting the interaction between renin and angiotensinogen. The mutant complex containing the SNV A188V in renin was shown to have significantly increased fluctuation in the residue interaction networks. D104N in renin, associated with renal tubular dysgenesis, caused increased rigidity in the protein complex comparison to the wild type, which probably in turn negatively affects the function of RAS.

How to Cite: Brown DK, Sheik Amamuddy O, Tastan Bishop Ö. Structure-Based Analysis of Single Nucleotide Variants in the Renin-Angiotensinogen Complex. Global Heart. 2017;12(2):121–32. DOI: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.gheart.2017.01.006
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Published on 01 Jun 2017.
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