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Original Research

Defining the Path Between Social and Economic Factors, Clinical and Lifestyle Determinants, and Cardiovascular Disease

Authors:

Christina-Maria Kastorini,

School of Medicine, University of Ioannina, Ioannina; Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Harokopio University, Athens, GR
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Haralampos J. Milionis,

School of Medicine, University of Ioannina, Ioannina, GR
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Ekavi Georgousopoulou,

Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Harokopio University, Athens, GR
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Kallirroi Kalantzi,

School of Medicine, University of Ioannina, Ioannina, GR
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Vassilios Nikolaou,

Cardiology Clinic, Hellenic Red Cross Hospital, Athens, GR
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Konstantinos N. Vemmos,

Acute Stroke Unit, Department of Clinical Therapeutics, Alexandra Hospital, Athens, GR
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John A. Goudevenos,

School of Medicine, University of Ioannina, Ioannina, GR
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Demosthenes B. Panagiotakos

Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Harokopio University, Athens, GR
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Abstract

Background: Low socioeconomic status is associated with poorer cardiovascular health.

Objectives: The aim of the present work was to evaluate how social and economic factors influence modifiable cardiovascular disease risk factors and thus, acute coronary syndrome or ischemic stroke presence.

Methods: One thousand participants were enrolled; 250 consecutive patients with a first acute coronary syndrome (83% were male, 60 12 years old) and 250 control subjects, as well as 250 consecutive patients with a first ischemic stroke (56% were male, 77 9 years old) and 250 control subjects. The control subjects were population-based and age-sex matched with the patients. Detailed information regarding their medical records, lifestyle characteristics, education level, financial status satisfaction, and type of occupation were recorded.

Results: After controlling for potential confounding factors, significant inverse associations were observed regarding financial status satisfaction and sedentary/mental type occupation with acute coronary syndrome or stroke presence, but not with the educational level. Nevertheless, further evaluation using path analysis, revealed quite different results, indicating that the education level influenced the type of occupation and financial satisfaction, hence affecting indirectly the likelihood of developing a cardiovascular disease event.

Conclusions: Social and economic parameters interact with modifiable cardiovascular disease risk factors through multiple pathways.

Highlights

  • This is one of the few studies that have implemented path analysis.
  • Socioeconomic parameters interact with cardiovascular disease risk factors through various pathways.
  • Education level has a crucial role, affecting the other socioeconomic parameters.
  • Acute coronary syndromes and ischemic stroke path analysis models share similarities and few differences.
How to Cite: Kastorini C-M, Milionis HJ, Georgousopoulou E, Kalantzi K, Nikolaou V, Vemmos KN, et al.. Defining the Path Between Social and Economic Factors, Clinical and Lifestyle Determinants, and Cardiovascular Disease. Global Heart. 2015;10(4):255–63. DOI: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.gheart.2015.01.002
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Published on 01 Dec 2015.
Peer Reviewed

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