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Estimation of Global and Regional Incidence and Prevalence of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms 1990 to 2010

Authors:

Uchechukwu K. A. Sampson ,

Department of Medicine, Vanderbilt University Medical Center (VUMC), Nashville, TN, US
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Paul E. Norman,

School of Surgery, University of Western Australia, Fremantle, Western Australia, AU
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F. Gerald R. Fowkes,

Centre for Population Health Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, GB
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Victor Aboyans,

Department of Cardiology, Dupuytren University Hospital and INSERM U1094, Tropical Neuro-epidemiology, Limoges, FR
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Yanna Song,

Department of Biostatistics, VUMC, Nashville, TN, US
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Frank E. Harrell Jr.,

Department of Biostatistics, VUMC, Nashville, TN, US
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Mohammad H. Forouzanfar,

Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, Seattle, WA, US
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Mohsen Naghavi,

Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, Seattle, WA, US
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Julie O. Denenberg,

Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, University of California, San Diego, CA, US
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Mary M. McDermott,

Department of Medicine and Preventive Medicine, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL, US
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Michael H. Criqui,

Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, University of California, San Diego, CA, US
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George A. Mensah,

Center for Translation Research and Implementation Science (CTRIS), National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, US
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Majid Ezzati,

Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, Seattle, WA, US; School of Public Health, Imperial College London, GB
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Christopher Murray

Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, Seattle, WA, US
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Abstract

The global burden of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) has not been studied previously. Such information is important given the emergence of cardiovascular diseases in developing countries. We conducted a systematic literature review and estimated the global and regional incidence and prevalence of AAA in 21 world regions by age and sex. The search for prevalence and incidence of AAA using standard clinical and epidemiological terms was conducted using MEDLINE (1950 to 2010), EMBASE (1980 to 2010), AMED (1985 to 2010), CINAHL (1982 to 2010), and LILACS (2008 to 2010). Data abstracted from the systematic review served as priors for Bayesian meta-regression analyses. The analysis drew from 26 high-quality studies to estimate AAA prevalence and incidence. In 1990, the global age-specific prevalence rate per 100,000 ranged from 8.43 (95% CI: 7.03 to 10.14) in the 40 to 44 years age group to 2,422.53 (95% CI: 2,298.63 to 2,562.25) in the 75 to 79 years age group; the corresponding range in 2010 was 7.88 (95% CI: 6.54 to 9.59) to 2,274.82 (95% CI: 2,149.77 to 2,410.17). Prevalence was higher in developed versus developing nations, and the rates within each development stratum decreased between 1990 and 2010. Globally, the age-specific annual incidence rate per 100,000 in 1990 ranged from 0.89 (95% CI: 0.66 to 1.17) in 40 to 44 years age group to 176.08 (95% CI: 162.72 to 190.28) in the 75 to 79 years age group. In 2010, this range was 0.83 (95% CI: 0.61 to 1.11) to 164.57 (95% CI: 152.20 to 178.78). The highest prevalence in 1990 was in Australasia and North America high income regions: 382.65 (95% CI: 356.27 to 410.88) and 300.59 (95% CI: 280.93 to 321.54), respectively. Australasia had the highest prevalence in 2010, although the prevalence decreased to 310.27 (95% CI: 289.01 to 332.94). Regional prevalence increased in Oceania, tropical Latin America, Asia Pacific high income, Southern Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), Central SSA, South Asia, Western SSA, and Central Asia. AAA global prevalence and incidence rates have decreased over the last 20 years. However, rising rates in some regions highlight the need for policies to enhance global disease surveillance and prevention.

How to Cite: Sampson UKA, Norman PE, Fowkes FGR, Aboyans V, Song Y, Harrell Jr. FE, et al.. Estimation of Global and Regional Incidence and Prevalence of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms 1990 to 2010. Global Heart. 2014;9(1):159–70. DOI: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.gheart.2013.12.009
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Published on 01 Mar 2014.
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