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Coronary Heart Disease and Risk Factors in Latin America

Authors:

Fernando Lanas ,

Departamento de Medicina Interna, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de La Frontera, Temuco, CL
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Pamela Serón,

Departamento de Medicina Interna, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de La Frontera, Temuco, CL
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Alejandra Lanas

Departamento de Medicina Interna, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Chile, Santiago, CL
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Abstract

Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death in Latin America, with ischemic heart disease as the principal cause in most countries. Risk factors for cardiovascular disease are highly prevalent in the region, but there are international variations in the pattern and level of risk factors. Overweight and obesity are increasing. In the 2012 Mexican National Survey, overweight or obesity was found in 64.9% of men and 73% of women, and they were strongly associated with sedentarism. The most characteristic dyslipidemia abnormality in the region is low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, followed by elevated low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and increased levels of triglycerides. National diabetes mellitus prevalence ranges from 2.8% to 9.4% and tobacco smoking from 12.8% to 42%. According to the INTERHEART (A Study of Risk Factors for First Myocardial Infarction in 52 Countries and Over 27,000 Subjects) data for Latin America, the highest attributable risks for myocardial infarction were related to abdominal obesity, dyslipidemia, and smoking.

How to Cite: Lanas F, Serón P, Lanas A. Coronary Heart Disease and Risk Factors in Latin America. Global Heart. 2013;8(4):341–8. DOI: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.gheart.2013.11.005
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Published on 01 Dec 2013.
Peer Reviewed

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