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Reading: Echocardiographic Screening for Rheumatic Heart Disease: Issues for the Cardiology Community

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Echocardiographic Screening for Rheumatic Heart Disease: Issues for the Cardiology Community

Authors:

Anita Saxena,

Cardiology Department, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, IN
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Liesl Zühlke,

Department of Paediatric Cardiology, Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital and University of Cape Town, Cape Town; Department of Medicine, Groote Schuur Hospital, Cape Town, ZA
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Nigel Wilson

Green Lane Paediatric and Congenital Cardiology Services, Starship Hospital, Auckland, NZ
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Abstract

The advent of portable echocardiography has led to screening for rheumatic heart disease (RHD) with high disease prevalence found in many countries. Data are presented from studies from India, Africa, and New Zealand. The natural history of subclinical echocardiographically detected RHD is the most important research question to be answered before more widespread screening is endorsed. The 2012 World Heart Federation (WHF) criteria for the echocardiographic diagnosis of RHD provide standardization of RHD diagnosis, increasing the specificity for definite RHD and raising the threshold for borderline RHD. Use of the criteria should reduce the false positive rate for minor echocardiographic changes due to physiological valvular regurgitation. This review highlights issues of screening for RHD that are of relevance to the cardiology community.

How to Cite: Saxena A, Zühlke L, Wilson N. Echocardiographic Screening for Rheumatic Heart Disease: Issues for the Cardiology Community. Global Heart. 2013;8(3):197–202. DOI: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.gheart.2013.08.004
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Published on 01 Sep 2013.
Peer Reviewed

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