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Original Research

Prevention and Control Program for Cardiovascular Diseases in Turkish Population: PRE-CONTROL Study Group

Authors:

Ömer Kozan,

Department of Cardiology, Dokuz Eylül University, İzmir, TR
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Mehdi Zoghi ,

Department of Cardiology, Ege University, İzmir, TR
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Oktay Ergene,

Department of Cardiology, Dokuz Eylül University, İzmir, TR
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Mustafa Arıcı,

Unit of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, Hacettepe University, Ankara, TR
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Ülver Derici,

Nephrology Department, Gazi University, Beşevler, Ankara, TR
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Göksel Bakaç,

Department of Nerurology, Florence Nightingale Hospital, İstanbul, TR
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Sevim Güllü,

Department of Endocrinology and Metabolic Diseases, Ibn-i Sina Hospital, Ankara, TR
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Gülay Sain Güven,

Department of Internal Medicine, Hacettepe University Medical School, Ankara, TR
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PRE-CONTROL Study Investigators

Abstract

Background: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death throughout the world. Despite its high prevalence, the atherosclerotic process can be slowed and its consequences markedly reduced by preventive measures. The lack of risk factor awareness is a major barrier.

Objectives: We aimed to assess total CV risk, determine the knowledge and awareness regarding CVD, and evaluate the effectiveness of education program in urban population of Turkey.

Methods: A 24-item questionnaire was used to detect CV risk factors and the awareness of participants about CVD. The feedback data for the education program were collected by either questionnaires or individual interviews with participants. For comparison of total CVD risk in men and women in different age groups, a sample t test was used. The level of statistical significance was set at p < 0.05.

Results: The prevalence of hyperlipidemia was established to be 41.3%. Nearly one-quarter of the women and one-third of the men were smokers (p < 0.001). One-quarter of the responders had a history of hypertension (men: 21.5%, women: 18.6%), and one-tenth were diabetic. The high CV risk rate was more pronounced among men (p < 0.01) and those with low socioeconomic level (p < 0.01). Awareness regarding CV risk factors following the educational program increased from 6.6% to 12.7% for high blood pressure, from 3.9% to 9.2% for diabetes mellitus, and from 10.2% to 15.1% for elevated cholesterol levels. All the increases were statistically significant. The educational program significantly increased the awareness of CVD and risk factors.

Conclusions: The prevalence of CV risk factors was higher in low socioeconomic level groups. The knowledge and awareness of the risk factors for CVD before the education program was very low in our study group. The awareness of CVD and risk factors significantly increased following our education programs.

How to Cite: Kozan Ö, Zoghi M, Ergene O, Arıcı M, Derici Ü, Bakaç G, et al.. Prevention and Control Program for Cardiovascular Diseases in Turkish Population: PRE-CONTROL Study Group. Global Heart. 2013;8(2):115–9. DOI: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.gheart.2012.10.006
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Published on 01 Jun 2013.
Peer Reviewed

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