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Prevalence of risk factors for cardiovascular disease by socio-economic status among the elderly from Mediterranean islands: the MEDIS study

Authors:

Demosthenes Panagiotakos ,

Harokopio University, Department of Nutrition Science – Dietetics, 46 Paleon Polemiston Street, 166 74 Athens, Glyfada, Attica, GR
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Christos Lionis,

Harokopio University, Department of Nutrition Science – Dietetics, 46 Paleon Polemiston Street, 166 74 Athens, Glyfada, Attica, GR
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Foteini Anastasiou,

Harokopio University, Department of Nutrition Science – Dietetics, 46 Paleon Polemiston Street, 166 74 Athens, Glyfada, Attica, GR
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Akis Zeimbekis,

Harokopio University, Department of Nutrition Science – Dietetics, 46 Paleon Polemiston Street, 166 74 Athens, Glyfada, Attica, GR
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Eirini Lioliou,

Harokopio University, Department of Nutrition Science – Dietetics, 46 Paleon Polemiston Street, 166 74 Athens, Glyfada, Attica, GR
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Ioanna Tsiligianni,

Harokopio University, Department of Nutrition Science – Dietetics, 46 Paleon Polemiston Street, 166 74 Athens, Glyfada, Attica, GR
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Stalo Papoutsou,

Harokopio University, Department of Nutrition Science – Dietetics, 46 Paleon Polemiston Street, 166 74 Athens, Glyfada, Attica, GR
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Konstantinos Vlysmas,

Harokopio University, Department of Nutrition Science – Dietetics, 46 Paleon Polemiston Street, 166 74 Athens, Glyfada, Attica, GR
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George Metallinos,

Harokopio University, Department of Nutrition Science – Dietetics, 46 Paleon Polemiston Street, 166 74 Athens, Glyfada, Attica, GR
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Evangelos Polychronopoulos

Harokopio University, Department of Nutrition Science – Dietetics, 46 Paleon Polemiston Street, 166 74 Athens, Glyfada, Attica, GR
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Abstract

Background: Socio-economic status (SES) has been associated with the prevalence and incidence of cardiovascular disease (CVD). The aim of this work was to investigate the association between SES and clinical and biochemical factors related to CVD, in a sample of elderly men and women.

Methods: During 2005–2007, 937 men and women (aged 65–100 years) from Cyprus (n = 300), Mitilini (n = 142), Samothraki (n = 100), Cephalonia (n = 104), Corfu (n = 160) and Crete (n = 131) islands, participated in the survey. CVD risk factors, i.e. hypertension, diabetes, hypercholesterolemia and obesity, as well as behavioural, lifestyle and dietary characteristics were assessed using face-to-face interviews and standard procedures.

Results: Multiple logistic regression analysis revealed that people in the lowest SES group, compared to highest were 2.14-times (95% CI 1.24–3.71) more likely to have four or more of the common CVD risk factors, i.e. smoking, physical inactivity, obesity, hypertension, diabetes and hypercholesterolemia, irrespective of age, sex, dietary habits and depression status. Moreover, an interaction was observed between SES and depression score (p < 0.001), suggesting that people in the lowest SES group and high depression score experience 4.5-times (95% CI 1.38–14.69) higher probabilities of having four or more CVD risk factors.

Conclusions: An inverse relationship between SES and factors related to CVD risk exists among elderly people. Our findings underline the importance of focused preventive strategies, especially, among low SES people, in order to improve the quality of life among elderly individuals.

How to Cite: Panagiotakos D, Lionis C, Anastasiou F, Zeimbekis A, Lioliou E, Tsiligianni I, et al.. Prevalence of risk factors for cardiovascular disease by socio-economic status among the elderly from Mediterranean islands: the MEDIS study. Global Heart. 2008;3(3):153–62. DOI: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.cvdpc.2008.07.004
Published on 01 Sep 2008.

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